Search WorldCat Find items in libraries near you.
Advanced Search Find a Library. Refine Your Search Year. Displaying Editions 1 - 8 out of 8.
Business and Public Administration Studies
Your list has reached the maximum number of items. Please create a new list with a new name; move some items to a new or existing list; or delete some items. Prisoners of liberation : four years in a Chinese Communist prison. Prisoners of liberation : four years in a Chinese communist prison. Prisoners of liberation : four years in a Chinese Communist Prison.
Prisoners of liberation; four years in a Chinese Communist prison. Prisoners of liberation : 4 years in a Chinese communist prison.
All rights reserved. The Laogai System is also deeply rooted in communist revolutionary ideology aimed at building a classless society through using labor camps to overcome resistance from capitalists or landowners who may oppose the nationalization of the means of production.
Hardly unique to the Soviet Union and China, communist regimes throughout the world have established labor camps as fundamental components of their criminal justice systems. In the s, the Nationalist government experimented with the Soviet model by establishing agricultural colonies loosely modeled after the Gulag.
When Mao took power in , the communists naturally invited Soviet specialists to assist them in establishing the Laogai System. The Laogai System was originally comprised of two types of labor camps: the laogai and the laojiao.lausdilnaracont.cf
2016 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - China
Although laogai sentences theoretically carried a fixed term, laojiao inmates originally served terms of indefinite duration. In , however, authorities limited laojiao sentences to four years, the maximum term of confinement until the system was formally abolished in Although the Communist Party nominally ended the laogai labor camp and recently formally abolished the laojiao labor camp, the fundamental structure of the Laogai System remains intact: the Party still operates a network of prison factories for convicted criminals and administrative detention facilities for non-criminal offenders in which inmates are forced to perform arduous labor and undergo intense political indoctrination.
Since its inception, we estimate that over fifty million people have been incarcerated in the Laogai System. Devenez membre ici:. It was incorporated April 23, Its headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland.
Become a member here:.